【Selenium】Windows平台使用python自动登陆网关

0x00 前言

所里开启了两步验证与二级加密(就不说是哪里了);
以前的auto_login用不了了,所以尝试着有没有什么新法子;
看到一个用 Phantomjs + Selenium 的解决方案,着手试试看好了。

文中涉及的login脚本解决方案参照自如下Github:
https://github.com/gongshijun/ict_autoconnect

由于配置过于坎坷,所以个人直接做了个简化方案,
嫌看的麻烦的或者想要直接使用的可以直接跳转这里
更新(Thx for lhw446):嫌配置麻烦的可以用这个单文件版

0x01 获取登陆脚本

可以从Github仓库上直接clone到本地

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D:\Github>git clone https://github.com/gongshijun/ict_autoconnect.git
Cloning into 'ict_autoconnect'...
remote: Counting objects: 29, done.
remote: Total 29 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 29
Unpacking objects: 100% (29/29), done.
Checking connectivity... done.

也可以下载zip压缩包到本地解压
https://github.com/gongshijun/ict_autoconnect/archive/master.zip

本人放在了D:\Github目录下,下文中均默认设为此目录中进行介绍。

0x02 环境配置

python

唔……我确实真的有仔细考虑要不要把python放进环境需求的一部分……
想了想……嗯,该说的还是要说的

  • Windows cmd (Win+R 输入cmd然后回车)
  • python2.7
  • 如果您想做成EXE格式的程序,请同时配有python3.3或者python3.4
    • (作者大大炫技结果不小心造成了复杂度的提升)

PhantomJS

https://bitbucket.org/ariya/phantomjs/downloads/phantomjs-2.1.1-windows.zip
windows平台的各位把这个下载下来之后解压放在刚刚的目录中,比如我解压后放在

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D:\Github\ict_autoconnect 的目录
2017/08/29 13:38 <DIR> .
2017/08/29 13:38 <DIR> ..
2017/08/29 13:35 1,266 .gitignore
2017/08/29 13:35 1,005 common.py
2017/08/29 13:35 <DIR> js
2017/08/29 13:35 11,558 LICENSE
2017/08/29 13:35 2,141 login.py
2016/01/25 06:17 <DIR> phantomjs-2.1.1-windows # <= 这里
2017/08/29 13:35 1,237 README.md
2017/08/29 13:35 403 setup.py
2017/08/29 13:40 40 user.conf

selenium

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# 直接安装,不过可能会连接超时或者很慢
C:\Users\Work>pip install selenium
Collecting selenium
Retrying (Retry(total=4, connect=None, read=None, redirect=None)) after connection broken by 'ReadTimeoutError("HTTPSConnectionPool(host='pypi.python.org', port=443): Read timed out. (read timeout=15)",)'
# 如果pypi源下载不便,可以选择用国内源下载,记得加上trusted-host参数
# 这里我用豆瓣的了,当然用清华、阿里之类的都是可以的
C:\Users\Work>pip install -i http://pypi.douban.com/simple/ selenium --trusted-host pypi.douban.com
Installing collected packages: selenium
Successfully installed selenium-3.5.0

0x03 准备工作

user.conf (设置用户名&密码)

conf文件里写好自己的用户名密码就好啦

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username = YOUR_USERNAME
password = YOUR_PASSWORD

setup.py(输出为可执行文件,python 3.3/3.4 可选)

这个setup.py的作用是将python脚本做成exe可执行文件,
然而其中带有的py2exe模块是py3.3以上才可以使用的包,所以如果想做成exe格式的执行文件的话,
请自备py2与py3两个版本的python

接下来是本人的心路历程

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# 首先我们来看看这个setup.py
D:\Github\ict_autoconnect>python setup.py
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "setup.py", line 10, in <module>
import py2exe
ImportError: No module named py2exe
# 好嘛,没有我就去装呗
D:\Github\ict_autoconnect>pip install py2exe
Collecting py2exe
Retrying (Retry(total=4, connect=None, read=None, redirect=None)) after connection broken by 'ReadTimeoutError("HTTPSConnectionPool(host='pypi.python.org', port=443): Read timed out. (read timeout=15)",)': /simple/py2exe/
# 哦忘记了……
D:\Github\ict_autoconnect>pip install -i http://pypi.douban.com/simple/ py2exe --trusted-host pypi.douban.com
Collecting py2exe
RuntimeError: This package requires Python 3.3 or later
# WHAT???
# 转为 python3.6.0 后(请善用activate)
# 对了转成python3之后别忘了刚刚装的selenium
D:\Github\ict_autoconnect>pip install -i http://pypi.douban.com/simple/ selenium --trusted-host pypi.douban.com
Installing collected packages: selenium
Successfully installed selenium-3.5.0
# 可以,能装py2exe了
D:\Github\ict_autoconnect>pip install -i http://pypi.douban.com/simple/ py2exe --trusted-host pypi.douban.com
Installing collected packages: py2exe
Successfully installed py2exe-0.9.2.2
# ......
D:\Github\ict_autoconnect>python setup.py
yield "store", (names[oparg],)
IndexError: tuple index out of range

细心的我去stackoverflow查了一下
传送门:python-indexerror-tuple-index-out-of-range-when-using-py2exe
The bytecode often changes in small ways from version to version that could break even Python 3.5 (given only 3.3 and 3.4 support is claimed explicitly), but 3.6 is 100% guaranteed to fail.

简单解释一下,py2exe这个东西可行的版本极为狭窄,py3.3或3.4才可以使用:(以下说明来自知乎 @刘智敏)
把python回退到3.4之后,这个问题得到解决。根据Python3.5的API变动说明,初步判断问题原因是 generators 在3.5之后的属性有变化,而 yield 的实现用到了 generator(了解很浅,如有误请指正)。正好py2exe支持的最高版本为py3.4 。

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# 怒开一个新的python3.3环境
$ conda create -n python3.3 numpy python=3.3 # numpy可选,我个人装啥都喜欢带个numpy
$ activate python3.3
(python3.3) D:\Github\ict_autoconnect>pip install -i http://pypi.douban.com/simple/ py2exe --trusted-host pypi.douban.com
(python3.3) D:\Github\ict_autoconnect>pip install -i http://pypi.douban.com/simple/ selenium --trusted-host pypi.douban.com
(python3.3) D:\Github\ict_autoconnect>python setup.py
running py2exe
5 missing Modules
------------------
? netbios imported from uuid
? readline imported from cmd, code, pdb
? win32api imported from platform
? win32con imported from platform
? win32wnet imported from uuid
Building 'dist\login.exe'.
Building shared code archive 'dist\library.zip'.
Copy c:\programdata\anaconda3\envs\python3.3\python33.dll to dist
Copy C:\ProgramData\Anaconda3\envs\python3.3\DLLs\unicodedata.pyd to dist\unicodedata.pyd
Copy C:\ProgramData\Anaconda3\envs\python3.3\DLLs\_lzma.pyd to dist\_lzma.pyd
Copy C:\ProgramData\Anaconda3\envs\python3.3\DLLs\_ctypes.pyd to dist\_ctypes.pyd
Copy C:\ProgramData\Anaconda3\envs\python3.3\DLLs\_bz2.pyd to dist\_bz2.pyd
Copy C:\ProgramData\Anaconda3\envs\python3.3\DLLs\_hashlib.pyd to dist\_hashlib.pyd
Copy C:\ProgramData\Anaconda3\envs\python3.3\DLLs\_socket.pyd to dist\_socket.pyd
Copy C:\ProgramData\Anaconda3\envs\python3.3\DLLs\_ssl.pyd to dist\_ssl.pyd
Copy C:\ProgramData\Anaconda3\envs\python3.3\DLLs\pyexpat.pyd to dist\pyexpat.pyd
Copy C:\ProgramData\Anaconda3\envs\python3.3\DLLs\select.pyd to dist\select.pyd
Copy DLL C:\ProgramData\Anaconda3\envs\python3.3\MSVCR100.dll to dist\

library.zip

$ python setup.py搞定之后,就会发现目录下多了几个文件夹,进入目录js/,把里面的两个js文件放进dist/library.zip里的selenium/webdriver/remote里。

Alt text

然后这个dist文件夹就相当于一个你本人定制的release了,那个login.exe就可以直接使用了(基于之前user.conf里的帐号与密码)

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D:\Github\ict_autoconnect\dist 的目录
2017/08/29 14:35 <DIR> .
2017/08/29 14:35 <DIR> ..
2017/08/29 14:35 4,970,261 library.zip
2017/08/29 14:34 33,280 login.exe
2010/03/18 22:36 827,728 MSVCR100.dll
2014/03/10 00:35 168,960 pyexpat.pyd
2017/08/29 14:34 3,927,552 python33.dll
2014/03/10 00:35 10,752 select.pyd
2014/03/10 00:35 762,368 unicodedata.pyd
2014/03/10 00:35 62,464 _bz2.pyd
2014/03/10 00:35 108,032 _ctypes.pyd
2014/03/10 00:35 1,065,472 _hashlib.pyd
2014/03/10 00:35 135,168 _lzma.pyd
2014/03/10 00:35 51,712 _socket.pyd
2014/03/10 00:35 1,710,080 _ssl.pyd

0x04 人生苦短,善用python

哇这么一大堆东西怕是看着看着都要睡着了哟……
(有空回来做个简易版,就算不简易至少也要把那么多指令整合到一个shell脚本里……)

CDLogin for Windows/ 自制简易版解决方案使用方法
1) 到百度网盘下载:( 当前最新版本为 Release v1.0.1 )
=> 公有传送门 无需密码
=> 密码传送门 密码:hf3w

2) 解压到目录,然后使用cmd进入该目录,安装selenium:
$ pip install -i http://pypi.douban.com/simple/ selenium --trusted-host pypi.douban.com

3) 把user.conf里的帐号密码改成你们自己的!
请务必改成你们自己的,即便是为了稳定性

4) 双击打开login.py
推荐把.py文件的默认打开方式设置为python.exe,
这样就可以直接运行而不需要再包一层shell来跑$ python login.py

5) 如果正常运转了,发送到桌面快捷方式,然后把这个快捷方式放进你的启动文件夹里即可
一般来说是个叫Startup或者启动的目录

6) 尝试着为多平台努力中
为了程序容量不能过于庞大,就不把各平台的PhantomJS都放进去了,如果你不是windows平台,
请前往 http://phantomjs.org/download.html 下载你自己平台的PhantomJS,
解压之后在里面找到PhantomJS放在和login.py同目录下即可。

0x05 主文件SourceCode

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#coding=utf8
# ========================================================
# Copyright (C) 2017 All rights reserved.
#
# filename : CDLogin.py
# author : chendian@baidu.com
# date : 2017-08-29
# desc : Auto_Login Test
# ========================================================
import os
import time
import selenium
from selenium import webdriver
import platform
# "Windows" or "Linux"
OS_TYPE = platform.system()
def auto_connect(un, pw):
print('open a phantomJS browser...\n')
try:
browser = webdriver.PhantomJS()
except selenium.common.exceptions.WebDriverException as e:
# Message: 'phantomjs' executable needs to be in PATH.
print("Current Version only contains Windows PhantomJS.")
print("You need phantomJS for your own platform as <%s>" % OS_TYPE)
print("Please visit http://phantomjs.org/download.html for downloading")
print("Download and unzip and find PhantomJS, copy it beside this python file.")
print("For further info, visit http://blog.csdn.net/okcd00/article/details/77677326#t10")
os.system('pause')
exit()
browser.get('http://159.226.39.22')
username, password = un, pw
browser.find_element_by_id('username').send_keys(username)
browser.find_element_by_id('password').send_keys(password)
#browser.find_element_by_id('button').click()
browser.find_element_by_id('form2').submit()
print('waiting 10s for posting...')
time.sleep(10)
browser.close()
def read_conf():
un = ''
pw = ''
ps = ''
try:
with open('user.conf', 'r') as file:
for line in file.readlines():
line = line.strip()
if line == '':
continue
if line[0] == '#':
continue
if line.split('=')[0].strip() == 'username':
un = line.split('=')[1].strip()
elif line.split('=')[0].strip() == 'password':
pw = line.split('=')[1].strip()
elif line.split('=')[0].strip() == 'pingsite':
ps = line.split('=')[1].strip()
else:
print('user.conf is a error format. \n')
except IOError as e:
print('cannot read user.conf file--' + str(e) + ', please create user.conf file. \n')
return un, pw, ps
def is_connect(ps):
if OS_TYPE == 'Windows':
flag = os.system('ping ' + ps)
elif OS_TYPE == 'Linux':
flag = os.system('ping -c 3 ' + ps)
if flag == 0:
return True
return False
def con_connect(un, pw, ps):
if is_connect(ps):
return 1
else:
auto_connect(un, pw)
if is_connect(ps):
print('\nConnect internet success.\n')
else:
print('\nConnect internet Failed.\n')
return 1
if __name__ == '__main__':
print("starting...")
os.system('MODE con: COLS=128 LINES=32 & TITLE Welcome to CDLogin')
from logo import show_logo
# show_logo()
os.system('cls')
time.sleep(1)
os.system("color 0A")
os.system('MODE con: COLS=64 LINES=16 & TITLE CD_Auto_Login is working')
un, pw, ps = read_conf()
while 1:
print('=== current time ===')
os.system("DATE /T & TIME /T")
print('If you want to stop, input Ctrl+C to break.')
con_connect(un, pw, ps)
print('\nNext check in 10 mins ...\n')
time.sleep(10*60) #Test
os.system('cls')

0xFF 单文件可行版本

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#coding=utf8
import os
import time
import random
import urllib
import urllib2
import platform
import cookielib
uname = "test" # Change to your username
passwd = "123456" # Change to your password
ip = "10.63.0.222" # Modify this to your own ip
interval_time = 5*60
def login(uname, passwd):
cj = cookielib.CookieJar()
opener = urllib2.build_opener(urllib2.HTTPCookieProcessor(cj))
opener.addheaders = [('User-agent','Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1)')]
urllib2.install_opener(opener)
data = {
"action": "login",
"username": uname,
"password": passwd,
"ac_id": 1,
"user_ip": ip,
"ip": ip,
"nas_ip": '',
"user_mac": '',
"save_me": 0,
"type": 1,
"n": 100,
"ajax": 1
}
req = urllib2.Request("http://159.226.39.22/include/auth_action.php", urllib.urlencode(data))
req.add_header("Referer","http://159.226.39.22/")
try:
resp = urllib2.urlopen(req)
res = resp.read()
print res
if 'login_ok' in res:
return True
else:
return False
except:
print 'log in error'
return False
def logout(uname, passwd):
cj = cookielib.CookieJar()
opener = urllib2.build_opener(urllib2.HTTPCookieProcessor(cj))
opener.addheaders = [('User-agent','Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.1)')]
urllib2.install_opener(opener)
data = {
"action": "logout",
"username": uname,
"password": passwd,
"ajax": 1
}
req = urllib2.Request("http://159.226.39.22/include/auth_action.php", urllib.urlencode(data))
req.add_header("Referer","http://159.226.39.22/")
try:
resp = urllib2.urlopen(req)
res = resp.read()
print res
if "网络已断开" in res or "未曾连接到网络" in res:
return True
else:
return False
except:
print 'log out error'
return False
def internet_on():
os_type = platform.system()
if os_type == "Windows":
flag = os.system('ping www.baidu.com')
else:
flag = os.system('ping -c 3 -t 3 www.baidu.com')
return flag == 0
def logout_login():
if logout(uname, passwd):
print 'logout at: ', time.asctime()
time.sleep(5)
if login(uname, passwd):
print 'login at: ', time.asctime()
else:
print 'login fails at: ', time.asctime()
else:
print 'logout fails at: ', time.asctime()
if __name__ == '__main__':
if uname == "lihongwei_test":
print "please set username, password and ip!"
else:
while True:
if not internet_on():
logout_login()
time.sleep(interval_time)

UpdateLog

[2017/09/04] ver 1.1.0 (Author: @lhw446, Original: @cyx)

  • Add single file script.

[2017/08/29] ver 1.0.1 (Feat: @lhw446)

  • Add guide for downloading and setting phantomJS
  • Add available platforms (MAC platform as Linux, maybe Darwin)

[2017/08/29] ver 1.0.0 (Feat: @gongshijun)

  • Basic function for auto_login for ICT